Several Universal Primary Education (UPE) schools in Rakai are
operating amid desk and classroom crisis.
Schools in sub-counties of Kagamba, Lwanda, Kacheera, Kifamba,
Kiziba, Ddwaniro, Kagamba, Kyarulangira, Byakabanda and Lwamaggwa are the most
Kyabigondo p/s (Ddwaniro), St. Lucia-Lwanga p/s (Kacheera),
Kirangira p/s and St. Jude-Nalubaale p/s (Kagamba), Kisomole p/s, Lwenkakala
p/s and Kibinda p/s (Byakabanda) among others, share a similar experience.
Both pupils and teachers are desperately struggling to cope with
Pupils in these schools have lessons under trees only when the
weather permits. Some use makeshift shelters and crumbled buildings.
And the absence of desks has compelled the youngsters to
improvise empty sacks, banana fiber, and papyrus mats, timber, tyres, bricks
while others sit on bare ground.
However, headteachers argue that inadequate education amenities
affect pupils’ hygiene and performance, thus crippling their future.
They say that enrolment keeps increasing every year but more
children are either pulled out of the school or willingly fall out due to the
poor study environment.
Kyabigondo P/s (Ddwaniro) has 1012 pupils with less than 50
desks. The nursery section, P.1, P.2, P.4, and P.5 are the most affected. There
are no desks at all in the nursery section.
P.1 has three desks for 195 children and P.2 only four desks for
193 children. Still, P.4 has nine desks for 165 children and P.5 has 12 desks
for 117 children.
Moses Baryamutuha, the headmaster, told us that the children and
class teachers have to improvise where to sit. He says that the classrooms are always overcrowded due to lack of enough structures.
He says that pupils without desks either stand at the back or
sit on mats in front near the chalkboard. Also fighting for space on the few
available desks is common which disrupts lessons.
“At least every class can have three streams. I kindly ask the
government to help build for us more structures and supply enough desks or
connect us with potential NGOs that can respond to our need,” he notes.
According to Baryamutuha, there was a plan to build a three-classroom block for the school last year but the funds were
channeled to build another school in Kacheera sub-county.
In addition, the school has written to World Vision for support
since they sponsor some children in this school.
Jennipher Nakyanzi, the Class teacher of Baby and Middle class,
says they improvise mats for the children. She adds that it’s difficult to
control the babies from dirtying themselves because the floor is not cemented.
Due to lack of desks, Nakyanzi says the children’s books are
always untidy and dirty. She adds that sometimes children fall asleep in class
and lay flat on bare ground. “This situation leads to poor performance and bad
taste for education among children,” she adds.
Agnes Nabukenya, the P.1 class teacher said the available
two desks accommodate 8 pupils each on the first come first serve basis. This
is the only class with a cemented floor. Therefore the rest sit on the floor.
As a result, she adds, complaints about congestion, quarrels and
fighting over space on one desk are inevitable.
In Kayonza p/s (Kacheera), 725 pupils were enrolled this year
(2019) and shared. They include P1 (203), P2 (122), P3 (103), P4 (115), P5
(66), P6 (60) and P7 (56).
The headteacher Amon Mugisha says the whole school population
has only 38 desks for 212 pupils, and 500 pupils lack where to sit.
“We lack 150 desks to accommodate the 500 pupils who sit
on the uncemented floor yet the enrollment keeps growing. Therefore pupils have
to bear with the situation because the school lacks funds to provide desks,” he
Currently, one desk accommodates six pupils yet it’s recommended
to contain at least three pupils. In the same dilemma, teachers also lack
enough seats and tables.
Out of the 17 teaching staff, only two have chairs and tables.
Mugisha explains that 15 teachers lack chairs and tables.
He further adds the staffroom has no seats at all. However, the
teachers are forced to share desks with pupils, something that inconveniences
them and the pupils.
Justus Gumisiriza, the P7 class teacher, says that they
have 10 desks, and each accommodates five or six pupils. When the desks are
occupied, the unlucky candidates sit on the floor, on their mats or sweaters.
He further argues that lack of desks leads to poor sitting
posture hence poor handwriting which leads to poor marking. “In most cases, the
learners do not concentrate at all and teachers have to spend a lot of time in
class control which irritates both parties.
According to Gumisiriza, the crisis has created a negative
perception towards the UPE schools since the learners compare with some private
schools that are doing quite well.
“I was embarrassed when pupil, who joined us from a private
school, said that studying in Kayonza p/s ‘felt like a prison’ which actually
is, to them,” he says.
Meanwhile, as they wait for government’s intervention, the
school management committee chaired by David Gumisiriza and the Parents
Teachers Association (PTA) has agreed to cut several trees in the school
compound to get timber that will be used to make desks.
Although it may affect the school environment, Benon Kayima, the
PTA chairperson, argues that they could not watch the children suffering
In Kisomole, Lwenkakala, and Kibinda (Byakabanda), the majority
of pupils sit on the ground due to a few desks. A few desks are used by
teachers and lucky children.
Also, St. Lucia-Lwanga p/s (Kacheera) plus Kirangira and St.
Jude-Nalubaale primary schools (Kagamba), lack enough classrooms and the existing buildings are on their last leg. There
are very few permanent and complete classrooms but
the majority are incomplete. They lack plastering, cemented floor, doors and
In St. Lucia-Lwanga, desks and classrooms are a combined challenge. The school has 572 pupils including
314 girls and 258 boys.
But a considerable number of pupils study under tree shades or
temporary structures that have no roof. While other classes lack enough desks,
P.3 and P.5 have no classroom at
According to Livingstone Ssali, the P.5 class teacher, during
the rainy season, his pupils are mixed with primary six which causes congestion
and interruption of other teachers’ lessons.
“A classroom helps
children to focus. But when we study under the tree shade, pupils are
distracted by different things,” he says.
Deo Musuuza, the Headmaster, explains that they have written
several proposals to the district education department and the ministry of
education and sports to intervene but all in vain.
Kirangira p/s which has 800 pupils has few classrooms. A block housing baby class, P.3, P.4 and P.5 is dilapidated
and poses a high risk.
Godfrey Mutaawe, the school headmaster, notes that the classroom block was affected by the September 2016 earthquake which
left it cracked and weak. A few weeks later, it collapsed on one side.
Amina Nakato, the P.3 class teacher, says they have raised their
concerns about the classroom and desk situation to the school
administrators but their hands are also tied. “Yes it is risky to study in such
a building but what can we do? There aren’t enough classrooms,” she complains.
Here, the children are living in danger at school. For one time
in bad weather, the building that houses accommodates P.4 and P.5 may
completely collapse on the children perhaps teachers.
Gerazio Ssonko, the headmaster, says they are forced to mix P.4
and P5 pupils with other classes especially in rainy season fearing the
building may fall.
Apart from the desk crisis, the schools have no staff houses
thus propelling chronic absenteeism and late coming among teachers.
Several schools are infested with jiggers since the
majority of children attend barefooted. Teachers say jiggers easily breed in
“At least 2 in every five pupils here have jiggers. Although
they come as a result of poor hygiene, lack of shoes worsens the situation,” a
Benon Ssenjumba, the Senior Education Officer-Rakai, confirmed
the crisis saying historically Rakai has never had adequate school facilities
adding that it is worse in the hard to reach communities.
Ssenjumba, also the Inspector of Schools for Kagamba, Lwamaggwa
and Kacheera sub-counties, says that they get shs200M as school Facilitation
Grant which cannot enable them to build enough classrooms and buy desks. “We can only manage to construct pit latrines
as per the procurement guidelines,” he says.
However, the Ministry of Education and Sports, through Global
Primary Education, a World Bank Programme, has built four schools to address
the classroom crisis.
They include Kyabiwa p/s and Kyabubambula p/s in Kibanda plus
Kabashambo p/s in Kyarulangira and Kabusota p/s in Lwamaggwa s/c. he says that
the schools may be completed in April and handed over to the district.
“Without government and NGOs interventions to address the
pending concerns about the desk and classroom crisis,
the UPE programme may completely crumble,” he notes.
Robert Benon Mugabi, the LC5 Chairperson, says they are trying
to use the meager resources to help schools where necessary. “We want to do a
lot but the funds do not permit us,” he adds.
However, World Vision and Cotton on Foundation has also
responded by building several classrooms in
addition to desks and textbooks which are not enough for the increasing
What pupils say
Joan Namwendwa (P.6), the Head Girl- Kyabigondo primary school,
says children in classes without desks are always dirty.
“I can’t blame them because there have nothing to do. As a
female students’ leader children have always complained to me hoping I can do
something yet I am not in a position to help,” she explains.
Mahad Yiga (P.6), the head boy of the same school, notes that
always tired children sleep on dirty floors yet it would have been better if
there were desks.
He adds that some private schools in the community are
better off with few pupils with enough desks.